Spanish Language School in Alajuela, Costa Rica

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Learn Spanish in Costa Rica: Alajuela


Alajuela is one of the most extensive and varied provinces of the country, with altitudes that vary from the 2,704 at the Poás Volcano to 92 meters at sea level; in relatively short distances, there are drastic changes in the flora and fauna. Within its 9,752 square kilometers, Alajuela offers the visitor splendid scenes of mountain ranges in Central, Tilarán and Guanacaste. It has a moderate climate with a temperature of 23 to 26 degrees Celsius, denominated "the better climate of the world" as the corner of Athens. In addition, the panorama of the fertile plains of San Carlos cannot go unnoticed. Between the corners of the Province of Alajuela lies San Ramon. Alajuela is known as the "Ciudad of Handles." It occupies first place in the national production of coffee and cane sugar. It produces in addition grain basics (rice, beans, maize), fruits, tubers and vegetables. In addition, there is a custom among its inhabitants to nickname others, or to give a symbol to each person or to each family.


During the pre-Columbian era, Costa Rica was inhabited in the south by huetares and in the North partly by the guatusos natives, tices and catapas. In 1574, the indigenous establishment of Santa Catherine was established, which today is the corner of San Mateo. In 1777, many families lived in great poverty, and they wanted to attend the religious events in the old parish of Villa (Heredia), but the distances and misery prevented them from attending. Bishop Esteban Tristán visited the locality, and approved and consecrated a small oratorio. On the 12th of October of 1782, the Lajuela constructed the oratorio in a district that was in equal distance to all the neighbors of the region, between the rivers that today are called Ciruelas and Alajuela. The church of the town was erected in 1790. By initiative of the Deputy of Costa Rica Florencio of the Villagra Castle, Cortes granted the title from Villa to Alajuela in 1813, although the following year, it was annulled by King Fernando VII. In 1820, Cortes again granted that title, which was observed until 1824, the year in which the Congress Constituting granted it as a city. The city of Alajuela was the capital from 1834 to 1835, in fulfillment of the Law of the Ambulance. The origins of the Alajuela name vary much according to the interpreter, but the most common version dates from the beginning of the small town of Guadalupe surrounded by two rivers, in which the stones were something well-known like lajas, so somebody suggested the name Lajuela to him. Over time, the name has changed until arriving at what is today known as Alajuela.


A diversity of animals and plants that are protected abound in two national parks (Volcano Poás and Juan I Castrate Target), a national reserve of wild fauna (Black Sewer), five protective zones and several forest reserves. The Museum Juan Santamaría exhibits locally produced crafts. A room of the museum revives the history of the battle of Santa Rosa, when the Costa Rican troops defeated the filibusteros in 1856. Also, in the colorful cities of San Ramon, Zarcero and Sarchí, one can acquire Costa Rican crafts and admire the wood works of the craftsmen and their famous painted carts. Sarchí, seat of the Costa Rican crafts, where the wood summons up life, offers to the tourists a great variety of \"souvenirs\" elaborated with precious local wood. It is a place full of life, birthplace of the policromada cart, symbol of the Costa Rican folklore. In Sarchí, one gets used to making an annual parade of carts with a great unfolding of colorful and pleasing memories. There are two active volcanoes, the Volcano Sandy ground in the city of San Carlos, and Poás Volcano, whose crater is of a kilometer in diameter and 314 meters deep. The Poás is one of few active and accessible volcanoes. It is 2,704 meters at sea level, in the Central Volcanic Mountain range, and is located 37 kilometers to the north of Alajuela by the route Alajuela-San Pedro de Poás. At the heart of the crater, it is possible to observe active fumaroles and small eruptions similar to geysers. This park protects the east area of the rivers that comprise the hydrographic river basins of the north. Around the volcano, in the area of the park, a vast wooded forest is populated with a great number of birds and small mammals. It is located 35 kilometers from San José, and offers sanitary service, an information center, a footpath, an area of excursion, a merenderos (picnic) area and exhibition room. Visitors experience a splendid route by the tropical forest, and may view numerous species of ferns abundant in the trees. Some of the most famous celebrations of the province of Alajuela are the cattle exhibition in the month of April and the festival of the handles in the month of June.

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